Dehydration is very common in present circumstances of heat wave and very high temperature in Delhi-NCR (almost touching 45 degree). Kids are more prone to dehydration, as they are always engrossed in playing and do not drink sufficient water unless we are reminding them frequently.
Children may develop vomiting or diarrhea along with dehydration; which can make things worse.
Sign and symptoms:
Early feature (milder):
- Dry tongue
- Irritable child
- Decreased urine output/ dark yellow colored urine
- Fast heart rate
- Sunken eyes
- Excessive sleepiness/ poor activity
- No urine for last 8-10 hours
- Skin pinch very slow (wrinkled or doughy skin)
- Rapid and shallow respiration
- Weak pulse or very fast heart rate
How to manage?
- Plenty of fluids
- ORS if possible; otherwise any home made fluid which has sugar and salt both eg. nimbu pani , shikanji, juices satu etc
- Use fan to lower the temperature
- Elevate feet and let the child lie comfortably.
- Give short and frequent drinks and meals
- Urgent Medical opinion needed if Signs of severe dehydration
- Make sure your little angels drink plenty of fluids, especially when environmental temperature is high, child is sick or child is participating in sports activity.
- Washing handswell and often can help prevent many of the illnesses that can lead to dehydration.
- Encourage frequent, small amounts of fluids to avoid dehydration during illnesses.
- A child who’s mildly dehydrated due to overexertion will probably be thirsty and should be allowed to drink as much as he or she wants. Plain water is the best option. Also, the child should rest in a cool, shaded environment until the lost fluid has been replaced. If your child is engaged in prolonged vigorous activity, sports drinks containing sugar and electrolytes (salts) are a good option.
Dr Rahul varma