Tag Archives: burn injury

Burn injury in children

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  • Hot water burns like fire
  • A scald is the most common form of burn seen in children, caused by hot water or liquid. The hotter the liquid and the longer the time the skin is exposed to it, the more severe the injury.
  1. Keep all hot liquids out of reach of young children.
  2. Keep young children out of the kitchen when cooking.
  3. Check bath temperature before placing your child in it.
  4. Never leave your child unattended by an adult in the bathroom.
  • First aid for all burn injuries
  1. Remove any clothing.
  2. Apply 20 minutes of cool running water.
  3. Cover with a clean cloth or clean plastic cling wrap.
  4. Seek medical advice if the skin is broken or the burn area is larger than a 20 cent piece.


Dr Rahul varma

First aid in burn Injury



In simple words Burn means an injury to the skin from something hot. Most common type of burn injury is SCALD (which is caused due to hot liquids). Burn injury can range from mild to life threatening injury; some can be treated at home, while others may need emergency medical care.

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What to do when burn happens?

  • Take child to safer place: Make sure the Area is Safe and there is no possibility of further injury
  • Remove cloths: if burn injury is over cloths remove them immediately (except if it is badly stuck to the burn).

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First Aid to be given:

  • Running water for 20 minutes: Put the injured area under running water for 20 minutes. Water should be cool not cold. Even if you attend to injury after sometime, still it will be better to use running water (most useful in 1st 3 hours of injury).
  • Cool the burn area (but not the child). Cooling the burn wound will help in better recovery, but if wound is very large , do not cool for long as it may cause hypothermia in young children.
  • It is best to cover burn with lightly applied gauze bandage or with loose, light clean wet cloth. We should also raise the burned area.
  • Do not apply any powder or oil or ointment over burn area; things like butter or atta can make burn injury worse.
  • If you have Ibuprofen; give one dose to your child (if child is awake and alert).
  • Do not break blisters that might have formed.

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When to consult doctor immediately:

  • IF burn involves face, genital area or child is suspected to have airway involved, it is best to consult doctor as soon as possible.
  • IF large area of body is involved in burn injury.
  • If burn is very deep and muscles or bone or tendon can be seen.
  • Whenever in doubt and especially is child is very small
  • Burn injury occurs due to electric shock or chemical injury.
  • Burn looks infected (There is swelling, pus, redness of the skin near the wound).

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Think Prevention!

  • Keep a vigil around , if there is hot water or tea or hot milk around
  • Keep children away from heaters, iron/steam press, burning candles etcBefore giving your child bath check the temperature of water in the tub or bucket.
  • Keep fire extinguisher in high risk areas
  • Do not allow children to play around when something is cooking in kitchen.
  • In winters be careful with kids near bonfire.

Feel free to contact MAYA CLINIC or your child specialist for any other query related to this topic or any other health issue regarding kids.



Dr Rahul Varma

“Healthy Kids, Happy Family”

Injury prevention and Safety in children

Injury Prevention in Children

Every day around 1000 children die worldwide. Most of these deaths can be prevented by taking simple injury prevention measures. Huge number of children becomes seriously injured for life. In developing countries like ours where we lose so many children to infectious diseases; it adds to the mortality burden of country. More than 90% of these injuries are unintentional.


Common Causes:

RTA ( road traffic accidents), fall from height, burns, poisoning, drowning are the main causes of death in children due to injuries.


Road traffic accidents (RTA)

It is the leading cause worldwide. various methods which can help in preventing these deaths are Proper use of seat belts and child restrainer devices , wearing helmets, driving and walking in designated lanes, driving within speed limits and to avoid drunken driving.


Fall from beds are very common and most baby survive with only bruises and scratches. But still more than 100 children die daily due to fall from height. Many of these deaths can be avoided by using well fitted window panels, child proofing doors and windows and play areas.


Burn injuries from hot water or flames are commonly seen in young children. Preventive measures which can help are smoke alarms, temperature regulators, using fire crackers under supervision of adults.


Another common cause of death in young children is poisoning. Daily numerous calls are received by poison cell. Accidental poisoning can be prevented by child proofing cabinets, keeping toilet cleaner out of reach of children, keeping kerosene oil safely and all the medicines away from children.


Drowning is another cause of death in coastal areas. But many small children can drown head down in buckets or bathtub.So to prevent these deaths, we need to store water only in closed container and keep tub empty.


Children living in poor economical conditions are more likely to be living in unsafe environment. They might be living close to road with high traffic, poor and unstable construction, illegal electricity connection etc.




Child deaths have decreased significantly over last decade (in western countries) due to following measures:

  • Enforcing laws for child safety like having child proof cabinet for storage of medicines and floor cleaners etc.
  • Structural modification in public places like proper railing for child safety in stairs, well fitted windows, fencing around pools, life guards etc.
  • Public awareness campaigns
  • Better emergency care
  • Proper storage of flammable objects
  • Parental guidance
  • Better disaster management


In India major issue is with enforcing laws rather than making them. Authorities should be more vigilant and we should also know our social responsibility.

Right to safety

All children have the right to a safe environment and deserve protection from injury. With proper awareness, environmental modifications and good emergency care, it can be achieved.


Dr Rahul Varma