Tag Archives: child safety

Vacation and Holiday safety tips for children

happy-holidays

With summer vacation round the corner, this is the time where most of the families plan a holiday with family and friends. It could be your favorite tourist destination or home town visit to grandparents. Lot of travelling, odd time sleep, special traditions and awesome food and hectic schedule; it all can take a toll on the health of your little ones.

Here are few tips which might come handy in making holidays memorable and preventing emergency visits to hospital.

  • Choking and swallowing: avoid keeping foods which can cause choking near young kids. In less than 3-4 years old kids, peanuts, ground nuts, any small round items like tree decoration, small toys can be very dangerous, if accidently swallowed. Danger of these items going into lungs and causing breathing difficulty. We get lots of Emergency room visits for the same, it might even need bronchscopy to remove these items.
  • Poisoning: Lots of accidental ingestion of poisonous decorative items, which might look very attractive to small babies (eg Christmas decorative items, toilet cleaner, floor cleaner). Sometime kids might accidently drink alcohol based drinks (left over of party), dispose of all those stuff safely, before going to sleep.
  • Fire: Accident burn injuries are common near bonfire. Whenever partying make sure kids are under constant supervision.
  • Road safety tips to avoid accidents: Use Car seats for small kids and proper size seat belts for older kids (it can be life saving in case of accidents on long road trips).
  • Accidents: Keep fancy decoration items which are easily breakable out of reach of children. Keep children under constant supervisions. Outdoor activities of kids need to be monitored too.
  • Kit of emergency drugs to be kept safely with you before travelling. Common medicines for vomiting, gas , fever can be kept to be used in case of emergency before you are able to consult any doctor.
  • Maintain general Hygiene measures at all time and follow universal precautions. It is always advisable to have a general check up done with your doctor before you head for long holidays.

Happy Holidaying

Regards

Dr Rahul Varma

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Injury prevention and Safety in children

Injury Prevention in Children

Every day around 1000 children die worldwide. Most of these deaths can be prevented by taking simple injury prevention measures. Huge number of children becomes seriously injured for life. In developing countries like ours where we lose so many children to infectious diseases; it adds to the mortality burden of country. More than 90% of these injuries are unintentional.

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Common Causes:

RTA ( road traffic accidents), fall from height, burns, poisoning, drowning are the main causes of death in children due to injuries.

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Road traffic accidents (RTA)

It is the leading cause worldwide. various methods which can help in preventing these deaths are Proper use of seat belts and child restrainer devices , wearing helmets, driving and walking in designated lanes, driving within speed limits and to avoid drunken driving.

Fall:

Fall from beds are very common and most baby survive with only bruises and scratches. But still more than 100 children die daily due to fall from height. Many of these deaths can be avoided by using well fitted window panels, child proofing doors and windows and play areas.

Burn:

Burn injuries from hot water or flames are commonly seen in young children. Preventive measures which can help are smoke alarms, temperature regulators, using fire crackers under supervision of adults.

Poisoning:

Another common cause of death in young children is poisoning. Daily numerous calls are received by poison cell. Accidental poisoning can be prevented by child proofing cabinets, keeping toilet cleaner out of reach of children, keeping kerosene oil safely and all the medicines away from children.

Drowning

Drowning is another cause of death in coastal areas. But many small children can drown head down in buckets or bathtub.So to prevent these deaths, we need to store water only in closed container and keep tub empty.

Poverty

Children living in poor economical conditions are more likely to be living in unsafe environment. They might be living close to road with high traffic, poor and unstable construction, illegal electricity connection etc.

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Prevention

Child deaths have decreased significantly over last decade (in western countries) due to following measures:

  • Enforcing laws for child safety like having child proof cabinet for storage of medicines and floor cleaners etc.
  • Structural modification in public places like proper railing for child safety in stairs, well fitted windows, fencing around pools, life guards etc.
  • Public awareness campaigns
  • Better emergency care
  • Proper storage of flammable objects
  • Parental guidance
  • Better disaster management

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In India major issue is with enforcing laws rather than making them. Authorities should be more vigilant and we should also know our social responsibility.

Right to safety

All children have the right to a safe environment and deserve protection from injury. With proper awareness, environmental modifications and good emergency care, it can be achieved.

 

Regards

Dr Rahul Varma