Protect Your loved ones: Child injuries can be prevented
Young children are always on the go, running around, jumping, climbing, and exploring things. That is why they are bound to fall a few times. But situation can be a bit panicking sometime for parents. Most of these falls will cause minor injuries only like bruising cut etc, but some can be serious and we should know what to do for first aid and when to contact child doctor and emergency services.
What need to be done?
If any of the below things happen, need to call ambulance and plan to shift child to nearby hospital
- Child unconscious
- Having difficulty in breathing
- Having Seizure
- Suspected serious injury to head, neck, back
- If not breathing at all start CPR
If by your assessment you feel child is fine i.e. actively moving, breathing, conscious and no major bleed; then
- Make your child comfortable (either taking child in lap or putting child to bed with you close by)
- Cold sponging can be done on any obvious bump or minor bruises
- Can give Ibuprofen or paracetamol (in age appropriate dose as told by your pediatrician in past)
- Do not leave child unattended for next few hours
- Let the baby rest, as after initial period child might sleep for next few hours.
- Watch closely for any danger sign (explained in next section)
Danger signs to look for
- Repeated vomiting
- Bleeding from Ear, Nose or Throat
- Child is sleepy most of the time or loses consciousness at any time
- Very irritable all the time and difficult to comfort the baby even after giving painkiller
- Child is complaining of severe pain in any part of body especially head, neck
- Not able to see properly or difficulty in focusing on objects
- Not able to walk properly
- Any other thing or symptom which you feel is not right (it is always better to consult child doctor in case of doubt)
Prevention is better
- Never leave children unattended while they are playing (whether indoor or outdoor)
- Childproof all the gates, doors, side railing on stairs, so as to avoid child accidentally opening them and putting themselves in danger
- Always put straps/ seat belts for kids while they are using high chair, car seats, strollers etc
- Wear all the protective gears in outdoor activities like skating, biking etc
- Do not keep sharp objects in open and try to avoid furniture and decorative stuffs with sharp edges.
- Supervision is must whenever your child is in balcony, roof or any place that is high up
- Fall from bed is very common at night. So try to have cot with railing which is properly fixed
- If you are sharing your bed with kids (common practice in India), make sure baby in sleeping in between both the parents. Best is try to have some sort of protection on all the four sides of child, as your baby can turn 360degree during sleep and fall from any side. (You can have low floor beds).
Discuss with your child specialist during routine visit what all you can do to prevent injuries in children.
Dr Rahul Varma
“Safe kids, Healthy kids”